• Report year:2018
  • Report author: Lucy Manne, Julie Macken, Melissa Bungcaras, Sally Henderson, Michelle Higelin
  • Organisation: Actionaid
The extractives industry in Africa has been linked to major human rights violations, and women have faced the worst impacts. The sector has been found to contribute to gender-based violence, increased HIV rates, displacement of communities, environmental degradation, and severe and chronic health problems. The coal industry in particular has had major impacts on women’s unpaid labour due to the significant pollution it causes.