This project focuses primarily on the effects of mining on women, in the context of general interest in gender dynamics important for mining projects and impacts. Women’s participation in the mining industry through direct employment is relatively small, and those who enter the sector tend to remain at the bottom of the organizational hierarchy. Furthermore, women do not always benefit from mining to the extent we might expect, while women’s contributions to the mining sector both in large-scale and in artisanal and small-scale mining remains frequently overlooked. Similarly, the role and value of women from mining communities often remain invisible or unaddressed.