The report reviews current research on access to and uptake of parental leave by working fathers—and identifies barriers that keep fathers from taking more leave. The report summarizes the types of parental leave policies that governments around the world typically offer and rates of uptake by men and women globally. The report goes on to describe perceptions around parental and paternity leave among working men and women, including barriers to using more of this leave. Finally, the report includes recommendations for employers on designing and implementing workplace policies that encourage more fathers to use all the leave they are entitled to.