This report gives an overview of the results of a research study, “Impacts of Mining on Women and Youth in Indonesia: Two Locations in East Kalimantan”. This Study is funded by the World Bank. Its objectives are to examine the nature and extent to which mining has positive or negative impacts on women and youth (both young men and young women) in Indonesia. The two locations were selected due to the Study Team’s familiarity with and knowledge of these locations. These are the areas of Sangatta and Bengalon in the district of East Kutai adjacent to the cola mining operations of PT Kaltim Prima Coal (KPC), the largest coal producing mine in Indonesia.