UN WOMEN’s Regional Office for Eastern and Southern Africa has a new and expanding program on gender and the extractive industries. Working collaboratively with industry, government and civil society partners, this program seeks to add new knowledge and practices to the enable the oil, gas and mining industries to fulfill their potential to meaningfully contribute to positive and inclusive development outcomes for men and women in the region. As part of this program UN WOMEN have an ongoing initiative examining the gender dimensions of HIV and AIDS as they intersect with the extractive industries. This initiative has involved desk research and consultations with industry representatives, and has resulted in a two-part publication.