With a focus on the developing world, this encyclopaedia has been designed to provide an easy-reference resource that offers an overview of key initiatives, publications, active stakeholders and best practices in the area of gender and mining globally. It is organised by actor, under the four stakeholder categories of governments; multilaterals and international financial institutions; civil society and academia; and the private sector. A selected bibliography of key readings is included at the end. The encyclopaedia is designed to give an overview of the field as it currently stands, and to encourage/ facilitate future partnerships and initiatives.