Articles & Research Reports

2016

2016 Global Board of Directors Survey, WomenCorporateDirectors (WCD) Foundation
April 2016
Capturing responses from more than 4,000 male and female directors from 60 countries around the world, the survey – from WCD, led by CEO Susan Stautberg; Spencer Stuart, spearheaded by Julie Hembrock Daum, head of the firm’s North American Board Practice; and their research colleagues – is one of the largest board surveys ever.
To read the report please click here

30% by 2018: Gender Diversity Progress Report, Quarterly Report
Volume 4 – March-May 2016
Female appointments to ASX 200 boards have tracked above 40 per cent so far in 2016, the highest rate since we began monitoring figures in 2009. This solid performance in the first five months of the year gives us hope that we may reach our 2018 target.
This report features an overview of KPMG’s analysis of the diversity disclosures made by companies under the ASX Corporate Governance Council’s Corporate Governance Principles and Recommendations for financial years ending in 2015.
To read the report please click here

Heidrick & Struggles – The Transformation Mandate – Leadership imperatives for a hyperconnected world
March 2016
To read the report please click here

2015

Women on Boards Davies Review Five Year Summary – Improving the Gender Balance of British Boards
October 2015
The final report in the Davies Review series summarises progress in the UK over the period from 2011 to 2015 and proposes a new target of 33% for FTSE 350 companies by 2020. To read the report please click here.

Board Effectiveness: Continuing the Journey
EY and The Investment Association, April 2015
This report aims to pinpoint leading practice and new ideas for improving and demonstrating board effectiveness. It looks at this under eight headings including: the role of the Chairman; the role of non-exectuive directors; progress on board diversity and the role of investors in board effectiveness. To read the report please click here.

Taking Charge: How boards can activate, adapt and anticipate to get ahead of cybersecurity risk
EY Center for Board Matters, 2015
Cybersecurity is an area where non exeuctives are increasingly aware they need to be providing oversight.  This report gives an insight into an importnat question you should ask as a board member: If we know that the risk of cyber-attack is increasing, where is the evidence that the organisation is increasing its investment to manage this risk? To read the report please click here.

2014 Egon Zehnder European Board Diversity Analysis
Egon Zehnder
The sixth in a series of studies started in 2004, this report profiles the boards of 350 of the largest companies across 17 European countries, along with 550 boards in other parts of the world. Whilst the gains in the number of women on European boards is worth celebrating and leads the way worldwide, women still make up less than 6% of executive directors and less than 3% of board chairs. To read the report please click here.

The Female FTSE Board Report 2015: Putting the UK Progress into a Global Perspective
Cranfield University School of Management
The final update on the Lord Davies report challenge of getting to 25% women on FTSE boards by 2015 is in. Targets accompanied by exposure and peer pressure have delivered good progress across the FTSE350 – at least as far as non executive directors go. But much remains to do, in particular increasing the % of female executive directors which remains shockingly low at 8.6% in the FTSE100 and 4.6% in the FTSE250. To read the report please click here.

Opening the Black Box of Board Appointments: Women’s and Men’s routes to the boardroom
Scarlett Brown, Elizabeth Kelan, Anne Laure Humbert, Kings College London, March 2015
Thirty highly-qualified candidates aiming for FTSE100 or FTSE250 boards were interviewed three times over an 18-month period to investigate similarities and differences between the experiences of the male and female candidates. One of the most striking: “Men get sponsored, women get advice”.
2014. To read the report please click here.

2014

Cultivating Greatness in the Boardroom
Korn Ferry, 2014
This report looks at what makes a great non-executive director, providing some good insights into the complexity of the role: “the top five core characteristics of an exceptional NED reflect the balancing act that NEDs perform”. To read the report please click here.

The Strategic Report – A practical guide to the new regulations
Deloitte, 2014
What Non-Executives and Board Directors at the FTSE level need to know and do. To read the report please click here.

Bridging the Gap, Moving on to non-profit boards
City of London Lord Mayor’s Charity Leadership Programme – 2014
This guide to the charity sector is aimed primarily at those who are working within the private sector and who wish to take up a trusteeship or Chair role within the charity or broader nonprofit sector. To read the report please click here.

The Strategic Report – A practical guide to the new regulations
Deloitte, 2014
What Non-Executives and Board Directors at the FTSE level need to know and do. To read the report please click here.

Bridging the Gap, Moving on to non-profit boards
City of London Lord Mayor’s Charity Leadership Programme – 2014
This guide to the charity sector is aimed primarily at those who are working within the private sector and who wish to take up a trusteeship or Chair role within the charity or broader nonprofit sector. To read the report please click here.

What Directors Think
A Corporate Board Member/Spencer Stuart Survey, Quarter 1, 2014
The results of the 2014 survey reveal directors’ views on rejuvenating the board, risk oversight, say on pay and more.  In many areas, this year’s findings align with more than a decade of What Directors Think results and demonstrate that CEO succession and the desire for more time for strategic planning continue to be the chief challenges for U.S. public company boards.  To read the report please click here.

Report of the Inquiry into Charity Senior Executive Pay and guidance for trustees on setting remuneration
NCVO and the Charity Commission, April 2014
Following on from the 2013 press reporting of pay in the charity sector, this inquiry reviews current executive pay levels in the UK charity sector and makes recommendations for charity trustees on setting pay levels.  Only 9% of the 200,000 charities in the UK have any paid staff and less than 1% employ someone paid more than £60k. To read the report please click here.

The Female FTSE Board Report 2014: Crossing the Finish Line
Prof. Susan Vinnicombe OBE, Dr Elena Doldor, Caroline Turner Cranfield International Centre for Women Leaders
This report highlights the 98% of FTSE 100 companies which are increasing the number of women on their board.   Highlighting the change of mindset of key players such as investors, executive search firms and business leaders, the report also highlights the many strong women candidates capable of filling board positions. To read the report please click here.

2014 Global Audit Committee report
KPMG
This report captures the views of nearly 1500 audit committee members around the world on a range of issues. To read the report please click here.

Women on Boards – articles & research reports 2013

December

Women on boards: it’s not a problem of supply but rather of demand, The Guardian, 23 December

2013 Catalyst Census: Fortune 500 Women Board Directors

For Women in the Boardroom, Bigger Companies Do Better, 13 December, Business Week

November

Women Make Better Board Members, 26 Nov 2013
Female board members pay less in acquisition deals and help restrain gung-ho chief executives, study suggests

Women directors better at mergers and acquisitions, 25 Nov 2013

Female FTSE Board report 2013, November
This time last year Cranfield reported the largest increase in the number of women on boards since their records began. This progress had been made within just one year of Lord Davies setting out his voluntary approach for improving the representation of women on corporate boards in the UK. We are pleased that this 2013 report demonstrates that over the past year businesses have continued to take action.

The Female FTSE Report 2013: 100 Women to Watch

October

In October, the 2020 Women on Boards campaign released its Gender Diversity Index of Fortune 1000 companies for 2013.

July

OSC executive director Maureen Jensen on gender equality on corporate boards, talking to CBC News (Canada), 30 July

The Evershed Board Report – The Effective Board, July
In this 2013 Eversheds Board Report, Eversheds have investigated whether board composition affects the share price performance of some of the largest companies across the globe in the same manner as the 2011 Eversheds Board Report. This time they compared share price performance based on share price data for a one year period between July 2011 and July 2012, as well as identifying trends in board composition over the five year period from 2007 to 2012. This Report also looks into other issues relating to board behaviours and good governance, including shareholder engagement and risk management.

June

Mining the metrics of board diversity

February

Cracking the Code: Getting More Women into Executive Roles, MWM Consulting
This research looks at the demand and supply side issues that affect womens progression into senior roles and highlights three elements common to organisations making sustained progress in tackling these issues.

January

Mining for talent “ A study of women on boards in the mining industry
Amanda Van Dyke, Chair of WIM (UK) and Stephney Dallman, PwC
This report looks into the percentages of women on global mining boards by country. It finds that if you look at the Top 100 Mining Companies globally, the USA leads, as regards board seats filled by women, at 18%. Australia is next at 14% with Canada and Hong Kong being the worst at 10% and 6% respectively.

Does the Gender of Directors Matter?
Miriam Schwartz-Ziv
This research analyses 402 board and committee meetings from 11 Israeli companies in which the government holds a significant equity interest.  These companies have had at least thirty percent women on their boards for 20 years and the findings of the study indicate that gender-balanced boards are more active, and have a more diverse set of skills.

Grant Thornton’s Corporate Governance Review 2012
An analysis of the governance practices of the UK’s FTSE 350 companies, shedding light on how many companies comply and how many explain under the Corporate Governance Code’s “comply or explain” regime. Some good news – 2012 saw a significant increase in companies discussing their approach to gender diversity. But only 13% of companies (FTSE 100: 23%, Mid 250:7%) committed to, and disclosed, a target for female representation in the boardroom by 2015.

Women on boards – articles & research reports 2012

December

Board of Directors Survey, Report – 2012
Heidrick & Struggles, WomenCorporateDirectors, and Dr Boris Groysberg of Harvard Business School, surveyed corporate directors, both women and men, within and outside the United States on issues including diversity.

November

Benchmarking early adopters of the Corporate Governance Code 2012
Dr Ruth Sealy and Professor Susan Vinnicombe OBE, Cranfield University International Centre for Women Leaders
This report monitors the progress of FTSE100 companies on the diversity amendment made to the Corporate Governance Code on 1 October 2012 . It analyses 92 annual reports: 42% of companies had set or were intending to set measurable objectives to increase the number of women on their boards; 47% demonstrated clear policies or measures aimed at increasing the number of women on senior management.

Viviane Reding Quota Speech – 40% EU Quota
The EU brings in 40% Quotas for supervisory boards by 2020. ‘Today is a historic day for gender equality! After decades of empty promises and failed attempts a self-regulation……a shocking waste of talent’.

July

PwC’s Annual Corporate Directors Survey: “Insights from the Boardroom” 2012, Summer
In the summer of 2012 PwC surveyed 860 public company directors, of which 70% served on boards with more than $1bn of turnover. Gender diversity is still of no interest to 27.7% of boards.

June

Gender Diversity and Board Performance, Credit Suisse
In testing the performance of 2,360 companies globally over the last six years, CSRI analysis shows that it would on average have been better to have invested in corporates with women on their management boards than in those without.

March

Lord Davies Review Report Women on Boards 2012, March
The first annual progress report of recommendations set out in the Lord Davies 2011 report to achieve 25% female representation on boards by 2015.

The Female FTSE Board Report 2012: Milestone or Millstone?, March
Dr Ruth Sealy and Professor Susan Vinnicombe OBE, Cranfield University International Centre for Women Leaders
This annual benchmarking report provides a regular measure of the number of women executive directors on the corporate boards of the UK’s top 100

Gender Diversity on Boards: The Appointment Process and the Role of Executive Search Firms
Equality and Human Rights Commission, 2012
Dr. Elena Doldor, Prof. Susan Vinnicombe, Mary Gaughan and Dr. Ruth Sealy
“The Board appointment process remains opaque and subjective, and typically driven by a corporate elite of predominantly male Chairmen who tend to favour those with similar characteristics to themselves.”

High achievers, recognising the power of women to spur business and economic growth, Ernst & Young, 2012
Over the next decade, the impact of women on the global economy as producers, entrepreneurs, employees and consumers will be at least as significant as that of China’s and India’s respective one-billion-plus populations, if not more so. Tapping into women’s economic potential would be the equivalent of having an additional one billion individuals in business and in the workforce, contributing to the global economy and stimulating growth. This is the phenomenon often referred to as the “Third Billion.

Women Matter: Making the Breakthrough
McKinsey & Company report, March
This report benchmarks the gender diversity programs of 235 European companies, the majority of them among the Continent’s largest.

January

To investigate the effect of gender quotas on public listed company boards in Norway and the progress of the public policy debate in the UK and France

Churchill Fellowship Report by WOB UK Director Claire Braund, January
The purpose of Claire Braund’s Churchill Fellowship was to examine policies and programs in place in the UK, Norway and France to increase the number of women on boards and in management/ executive roles. In six weeks between September and October 2011 she interviewed more than 60 people, presented to a professional women’s network and a university forum and attended a global women’s forum as one of 1,300 delegates.

Australian Census of Women in Leadership
The Australian Census of Women in Leadership has guided thinking and practice over the last decade. The Census has previously measured the number of women in board and senior executive positions in ASX 200 companies. The 2012 Census extends this analysis to ASX 500 companies.

Women on Boards – articles & research reports 2011

Board of Directors Survey
Heidrick & Struggles, WomenCorporateDirectors, and Dr Boris Groysberg of Harvard Business School, surveyed corporate directors, both women and men, within and outside the United States on issues including diversity. October

>Lord Davies Report
This report presents practical recommendations to address the gender imbalance on FTSE boards in the United Kingdom to achieve 25% female representation on boards by 2015. February

The Eversheds Board Report Measuring the impact of board composition on company performance, Eversheds
A summary of the findings of a global investigation into the relationship between board composition and the performance of companies during the recent financial crisis. One of the 6 main conclusions was “Better performing companies tended to have a higher percentage of female directors”

Diversity & Business Performance
Corporate Research Forum, January
A wide ranging report that covers diversity within organisations from various perspectives, along with the barriers to diversity, actions to take in your organisation and diversity tools and techniques.

Women on Boards – articles & research reports 2010

Quota for Women Directors is Necessary (sadly), Nov – UK

Board of Directors Survey
Hendricks and Struggles, October

The Female FTSE Board Report 2010: Opening up the Appointment Process
Cranfield University International Centre for Women Leaders

Australian Census of Women in Leadership

Women on Boards – articles & research reports 2009

Increasing Diversity on Public and Private Sectors Boards
Government Equalities Office – UK, October

Keeping the Boardroom Honest
WOB, October

The Female FTSE Board Report 2009: Norway and Spain Join our Census
Cranfield University International Centre for Women Leaders

Women on Boards – articles & research reports 2008

Australian Census of Women in Leadership

Australian Census – (A)Gender in the Boardroom

Australian Census – Pay, Power and Position: Beyond the 2008 Census

The Female FTSE Board Report 2008: A Decade of Delay” The Female FTSE Board Report 2008: A Decade of Delay, Cranfield University International Centre for Women Leaders

Women on Boards – articles & research reports 2006

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The Female FTSE Board Report 2006: Identifying the New Generation of Women Directors, Cranfield University International Centre for Women Leaders

2006 Australian Census of Women in Leadership, Australian Census of Women in Leadership

2006 Census – Top Earners Report, Australian Census – Top Earners Report

Women on Boards – articles & research reports 2003

The Tyson Report on the Recruitment and Development of Non-Executive Directors, London Business School, June

Australian Census of Women Board Directors

Australian Census of Women Executive Managers